Crop production, energy generation, and water supply are all strongly interconnected, in particular in times or locations of scarcity. Our research develops and applies integrated systems-based modeling tools to explore the interconnections and feedbacks between food, energy, and water sectors, and to evaluate how alternative management interventions and policies impact human and environmental outcomes in these interdependent areas. Presently, our work is focused on two main topics: (i) effects of energy supply pricing, reliability, and policy design on groundwater use in irrigated agriculture with specific emphasis on systems in the United States and South Asia, and (ii) impacts of dam design, assessment, and operation on agricultural productivity and livelihoods in low income countries, including current ongoing studies in the Volta and Nile Rivers Sub-Saharan Africa.
Foster, T. & Brozovic, N. (2018). Simulating crop-water production functions using crop growth models to support water policy assessments. Ecological Economics, 152, 9-21.